Whole Living Daily

Make a DIY Root Cellar

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My apples are ready to pick... I've just been putting it off until I have time to deal with them. But last year, I ran a little experiment: I put a box of apples up in our garage to see how well they would keep. I just stored them in a cardboard box in between layers of newspaper.

We lost some, of course, but I was shocked (and delighted!) to discover quite a few made it all the way through the winter and were still firm and tasty by spring.

If you've got a garden or a farmer's market still going strong, you'll want to take advantage and learn how to store fruits and veggies in a DIY root cellar.

In the old days, nearly every house had a root cellar or an unfinished basement that was just perfect for storing winter root vegetables and hardy fruit, like apples.  The temperature would stay at 40 degrees or below in these little underground storage spaces and it would be dark and dry—perfect conditions for keeping the veggies fresh all winter.

But nowadays most of us don't have a root cellar of any sort, so we have to get creative.

First, some general guidelines for storing produce over the winter:

  • Only store fruits and vegetables in perfect condition; any cut, bruised, crushed or decaying produce is likely to infect the rest of the batch and cost you a lot of your crop.
  • Store produce as close to the time it was harvested as possible, and as close to the state they were in when they were harvested—tops still on, dirt still attached.
  • Cool produce completely before storing.
  • Do not store apples with potatoes or carrots because apples give off ethylene gas which can cause potatoes to sprout and carrots to taste bitter.
  • Make sure to store produce with plenty of ventilation.  You can put layers of newspaper, straw, sawdust or peat moss between the layers of produce to help keep each piece separated and well ventilated.
  • Keep a bucket of water wherever you store your crops; water will freeze before your veggies, and if you notice that the water is frozen, you can take steps to make sure your food doesn't freeze as well.
  • Check out this document for tips on storing specific kinds of produce—everything from apples to tomatoes!

Here are 5 tips for storing produce over the winter that you can customize to your own living situation (and level of commitment!):

  1. If you're blessed with a basement that stays between 50 and 60 degrees in the winter, you can still use it the old-fashioned way for shorter-term storage of veggies like pumpkins and winter squash, and maybe even apples.
  2. An old refrigerator can also be used to store winter fruits and veggies; make sure it is COMPLETELY dry and set it to around 40 degrees.
  3. I personally had decent luck with storing my apples in my garage; I live in Colorado, and my garage stays pretty cold in the winter, but generally does not freeze because it is enclosed and attached to the house. This article details how to store carrots and potatoes in a garage or similar space—like a storage closet out on a balcony.
  4. If you have a yard, you can literally dig a hole in the ground and store your veggies that way—try one of these methods of burying a bucket, a trash can, or another container to create a mini root cellar.
  5. This article from Organic Gardening shows how to store your veggies in the ground all winter.

Got any other tips for storing produce over the winter? Please share in the comments below!

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Comments (2)

  • What a fabulous article! I live in San Diego. Does option #4 work in a climate such as this?

  • I also live in San Diego and would be interested in knowing if #4 works or what work here in San Diego. I do not have a basement. It is finally cool here at night, so I think #4 could work.

    Thank you.

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